The Tale of the Dorob Male – Male Lions Wanted

77x361When the “Hobatere Male” and “Leonardo” were shot for trophy in 2010, one could have thought, it would not happen again. Dr. Stander, from the renowned Desert Lion Conservation Project, had warned then, that the number of adult male lions had been reduced to a critical low. He consequently reasoned that it was not sustainable to continue hunting adult male lions . The responsible authorities then took the right measures. The Ministry of Environment & Tourism (MET) asked the hunting community not to shoot collared lions. Also, MET suspended giving hunting permits for adult male lions for trophy. The sex ratio in the desert lion population is not back to normal yet. And, the Dorob Male was a collared adult lion that had never killed any livestock. At the time of his death he was mating with “Monica”. Therefore, the shooting of the “Dorob Male” in an apparently legal hunt end of September 2013, must be considered as a setback for the conservation of Namibia’s famous desert adapted lions.

Continue reading “The Tale of the Dorob Male – Male Lions Wanted”

Meet Bertus – TOSCO Lion Officer in Purros

Bertus’ father killed lions in order to protect their cattle and goats. Imagine living as close to lions as Bertus and his family do: They depend on their livestock for food and cash to buy essentials like maize meal, soap or nowadays a mobile phone. Their livestock is often their only source of income. Still, Bertus, and many younger people, do not want to kill lions any more – and the main reason for this is tourism!Bertus DSCN1515

Bertus is lion officer in the Purros conservancy, his salary is funded by TOSCO. His task is to help ensure that lions stay away from livestock, and thus from serious trouble. Bertus says that before he met Dr. Stander from the Desert Lion Conservation Project he didn’t know what to do about the lion problem. According to Bertus, a farmer gets a compensation of N$ 1.500 for a cow killed by lions. But a cow is worth more and it is often a problem to prove that lions killed the cow. How can it thus be avoided that lions kill livestock? With Dr. Stander, Bertus says, new solutions arrived. Leaders of the lion prides were fitted with satellite collars, which provide information about the lions’ movements. Dr. Stander makes this information available to the people. They now know where the lions are and thus can move livestock away from the danger zone in time.

This is also Bertus’ job. Bertus monitors the position of the lions with his mobile phone, alerts the community and if necessary takes action. Among the lions Bertus cares for, are famous ones like XPL-68, known as  “The Terrace Male” that ventured into Angola, XPL 73 “Rosh”, and XPL 70, the female that got collared with funds from TOSCO Trust early 2013.

King of the Beasts - Dr Flip StanderEither, Bertus arranges for cattle and goats to be moved away or, he and his two colleagues move away the lions! Usually, lions don’t come close to the villages, according to Bertus’ experience, but  when they do, there is danger. So, the lion officers chase them away by using strong flashlights and noise. If all does not help, Dr. Stander is called. At one occasion, they immobilized a whole lion pride and transported them far away from the villages. If they hadn’t done so, for sure there had been dead cattle and thus even dead lions.

In addition to that, the lion officers patrol the area for lion tracks and any other suspicious signs. They also cooperate with the Rhino Knights from Save the Rhino Trust and other rangers, to prevent poaching. They do not have a car for all this, they do it on foot or using donkeys! Bertus says transport is an issue and more kraals (safe enclosures for livestock) would be needed. Also, he is worried that the current drought might increase conflicts with lions. There is now less grass around the homesteads, so livestock is led to graze far away. This makes them more vulnerable to lions, and other carnivores. Furthermore, the lions might be more inclined to snatch an easy beef steak instead of hunting the far dispersed oryx in their territory.

As tourists come to the Purros area to see the desert lions, they are valuable in economic terms. Therefore, lions are not only seen as a threat  any more. Tourism has created jobs, for example at lodges, or the lion officer programme. Thus, many local people do not only depend on their livestock any more. However, there is still  a lot to do: Conservationists and tourism operators were hit hard with this fact, when a whole pride of lions got poisoned close to Purros in 2011.

This was when TOSCO Trust was founded, with the mission to provide funds to help local people benefit from tourism and help organisations like the Desert Lion Project to mitigate wildlife conflicts. Local people must benefit from the lions broadly – i. e. not only those who have found employment in tourism but ideally everybody. Otherwise, as numbers of lions and humans in the region grow, more conflicts might lead to more lions getting killed. Thus, the local people need help in living with the lions.

In order to be more efficient, Bertus and his colleagues need binoculars, tents, bedrolls, cameras and water bottles. If you want to support them or TOSCO please contact us at

Please contact us for more information

Support World Lion Day and Win 2 Nights at a Luxury Safari Camp

Lion numbers are declining rapidly all over Africa: In the past 50 years lion numbers have plummeted by 80-90% leaving only about 25.000 lions today – maybe fewer than rhino. Continue reading “Support World Lion Day and Win 2 Nights at a Luxury Safari Camp”


With your support in 2013, TOSCO would like to sponsor the Caprivi Carnivore project, managed by Lise Hanssen:


Population ecology of spotted hyeanas and suggested management strategies to resolve carnivore related human wildlife conflict in the Caprivi region Namibia.
Continue reading “CAPRIVI CARNIVORE PROJECT by Lise Hanssen”

2013: Tourism still supports Conservation in Namibia

Dear travel community,

Thank you all for your support in 2012! Already in its first year TOSCO has been able to make a notable difference for conservation projects, as you can see in the progress report. Please also check this updated website.

Please find below:

  1. progress report 2012, containing the projects sponsored in 2012 and transparent financial reporting
  2. Brochure 2013
  3. Responsible travel guideliness
  4. 2013 Professional & Individual membership

Continue reading “2013: Tourism still supports Conservation in Namibia”


The satellite collar provided by TOSCO to the Desert Lion Conservation on the 24/12/2012 was fitted to Xpl-70 – a lioness of the Okongwe Pride – on 17 Feb 2013. The daily movements of Xpl-70 can be viewed on the Desert Lion website under the Hoanib Pride (along with the movements of “Rosh” Xpl-73):

This will significantly anticipate local conflict with communities and make a real positive difference on the field.


XPL-70 after the collar fitting



1 female satellite collar and 5 camera traps sponsored

  • Shortly after the tragic event in Puros which led to the demise of the remaining Hoaruseb lion pride, we thought that in order to prevent similar future events. It became clear that the provision of suitable radio and satellite collars would play a vital role to better understand lion behavior.