Living with Wildlife

We support rural communities living with wildlife outside National Parks in order to turn this threat into an opportunity.

North West Lion Management Plan

We support lion rangers, rapid response units, predator-proof kraals and early warning systems.

This initiative served as an early warning system where local farmers can monitor the locations of lions in their area and take precautionary actions when lions move towards their livestock.

These systems have been designed and developed locally in Namibia in collaboration with the Desert Lion Conservation to meet the very specific needs of HWC management in Namibia.

Two types of collars have been developed. Both collars are Early Warning collars and can be detected by the Early Warning System which will be installed in close a proximity to problem areas of communities / kraals. The basic collar is fitted only with GPS and RFID, providing a cost effective collar which can be used on most lions

The second type of collar is in addition fitted with a satellite modem. Typically one such collar would be fitted to a key member of the pride or problem group, allowing location of the pride to be determined when not in proximity of an Early Warning Logger System.

Rangers and anti-poaching patrols

The Lion Ranger program goal is the long-term sustainable management of human-lion conflict by communities in Kunene to ensure continued desert-adapted lion survival and community benefit. The number one threat to Kunene lions is retaliation following human-lion conflict. The Lion Ranger program aims to reduce conflict and increase the flow of benefits to communities.

LION RANGERS Anabeb, Puros and Sesfontein conservancies

Rhino rangers sighting  

The donation giving by TOSCO went toward bonus payments for rhino rangers. The aim of the bonus payments is to incentivize the rhino rangers on a variety of levels which includes a wider monitoring range covering outlaying areas, identifying rhinos which have not been seen recently and for rangers to focus on as well as ensuring better quality photographs and better completion of ID forms. Ultimately, the sustained incentive-based performance payments will play a major role in minimizing the negative impacts of poaching while elevating the govern- ment’s commitment to support local communities (i.e. MET Rhino Custodians) in their efforts to protect rhinos.

Game guards

Namibia’s Community Game Guards are the “boots on the ground” who play a crucial role in patrolling, monitoring of wildlife and other resources, anti-poaching and law enforcement. 

Over the years, game guards have done a remarkable job in natural resource monitoring which has led to locals having a clearer understanding of the resources in their area and how to best manage and utilise these in a sustainable manner.

At a regional level, the game guards contribute to the annual game counts which give an indicator of the status and distribution of wildlife.


Timo Behrens

Conservation contribution

When entering any national park in Namibia, we all think it is normal to pay entrance fees. This is indeed essential for the maintenance of national parks, for salaries to be paid and for the landscape to stay as untouched as we want it to be. On the other hand when it comes to communal lands, local communities carry the costs of conserving the wildlife that tourists come to enjoy. They do not receive any compensation for maintaining the nature’s beauty after the tourists leave.  At the end of the day, local communities do not benefit from tourism but are left with a burden as they live with animals that are difficult to deal with (i.e. lions & hyenas eating their livestock and elephants destroying crops & waterholes).

Some members of the TOSCO community have committed to pay a voluntary conservation contribution of N$100 per guest per day for their nature-focused activities, as well as an additional N$100 per guest per night for wild camping.  Every year in February, the contributions are paid to TOSCO from where they will be passed on to the specific conservancies to mitigate human wildlife conflict. For example, a Tour Operator will collect money in 2019 and in February 2020 the contributions will be transferred to TOSCO to be invested in local projects the same year.


Blandine Tourain

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Companies involved in this program